File Pic: The beginning of one of many heats within the 100-meter race on the 1928 Olympic Video games in Amsterdam. (AP Phot…Learn Extra Simone Biles, Mary Lou Retton and Nadia Comaneci in gymnastics, Allyson Felix, Florence Griffith-Joyner and Wilma […]
File Pic: The beginning of one of many heats within the 100-meter race on the 1928 Olympic Video games in Amsterdam. (AP Phot…Learn Extra
Simone Biles, Mary Lou Retton and Nadia Comaneci in gymnastics, Allyson Felix, Florence Griffith-Joyner and Wilma Rudolph in monitor and area – all Olympic superstars. Till the 1928 Amsterdam Video games, although, they would not have been allowed to compete.
Feminine athletes joined the Olympic program in sure sports activities, corresponding to tennis and golf, in 1900, and so they had been awarded medals in swimming in 1912, however it wasn’t till practically three many years later that they may take part in what have develop into marquee occasions.
Even with girls added to the fields for athletics and gymnastics, the numbers of complete opponents in Amsterdam had been skewed: fewer than 300 girls had been there, with greater than 2,500 males.
At every of the previous two Summer time Video games, London 2012 and Rio de Janeiro 2016, U.S. girls collected extra medals than the nation’s males did.
One of many revelations of the Amsterdam Olympics was Elizabeth Robinson, a 16-year-old American who received the primary girls’s monitor gold medal in historical past by ending forward of two Canadians and German whereas working the 100 meters in world-record time.
Robinson additionally added a silver within the 400-meter relay.
The story goes that she was “found” by a highschool trainer who noticed her working to catch a prepare. The Olympic sprint was solely the fourth official race of her profession.
“Generally I take into consideration how fortunate I used to be that he noticed me that day,” Robinson was quoted as saying in a 1992 story by The Related Press.
Again in 1928, at the same time as girls had been making their Olympic debut on the monitor, they didn’t have full help.
Throughout the Amsterdam Video games, based on an AP story from August 1928, monitor and area’s governing physique rejected a proposal so as to add occasions for ladies and determined to eradicate the 800 meters after one attempt. That distance would not return to the Olympic schedule for ladies till 1960.
A measure about whether or not to maintain girls’s monitor and area within the Olympics in any respect handed 16-6 – with Canada, England, Finland, Hungary, Eire and Italy voting towards.
Robinson was badly injured in a aircraft crash in June 1931, when she “suffered accidents that had been at first believed deadly,” based on an AP account on the time, which listed “fractures of her left leg, left arm, proper hip and probably a cranium fracture.” However she would work her method again to the Olympics in 1936, taking dwelling a gold within the 400-meter relay. Robinson died in 1999.
One other teen sprinter, Percy Williams of Canada, “sprang from obscurity to fame,” based on an AP story on the time, and have become the primary athlete not from the US to seize golds within the males’s 100-200 dash double. Nobody from the U.S. took a medal in both race.
Mikio Oda’s gold medal for Japan within the males’s triple leap made him the primary Olympic champion from an Asian nation. … Hungary’s title in staff sabre fencing would develop into the primary of seven golds in a row in that occasion. … India received the boys’s area hockey occasion, beginning a run of six consecutive golds.
The Amsterdam Video games had been the primary at which the Olympic flame was stored lit in a cauldron all through the competitors – a practice that has caught round till now. One other first that’s nonetheless a part of the pomp and circumstance: Greece, dwelling to the Olympics, was given the glory of main the parade of countries on the opening ceremony, whereas the host nation was the final to enter the stadium.